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Version: 8.1


This function is used in Python Scripting.


This function sends a message to clients running under the Gateway or to a project within the Gateway itself. To handle received messages, you must set up event script message handlers within a project. These message handlers run Jython code when a message is received. You can add message handlers under the Message section of the client/Gateway event script configuration dialogs.

Messages cannot be received within a Designer. However, messages can be sent within the Designer in a script (assuming that read/write comm is enabled).

Client Permission Restrictions

This scripting function has no Client Permission restrictions.


system.util.sendMessage(project, messageHandler, [payload], [scope], [clientSessionId], [user], [hasRole], [hostName], [remoteServers])


StringprojectThe name of the project containing the message handler.
StringmessageHandlerThe name of the message handler that will fire upon receiving a message.
Dictionary[String, Any]payloadA dictionary which will get passed to the message handler. Use "payload" in the message handler to access dictionary variables. [optional]
StringscopeLimits the scope of the message delivery to "C" (clients), "G" (Gateway), "CG" for clients and the Gateway, or "S" Session. Any combination of C, G, and S are available. Defaults to "CS" if the user name, role, or host name parameters are set, and to "CGS" if none of these parameters are set. [optional]
StringclientSessionIdLimits the message delivery to a client with the specified session ID. [optional]
StringuserLimits the message delivery to clients where the specified user has logged in. [optional]
StringhasRoleLimits the message delivery to any client where the logged in user has the specified user role. [optional]
StringhostNameLimits the message delivery to the client that has the specified network host name. [optional]
ListremoteServersA list of Strings representing Gateway Server names. The message will be delivered to each server in the list. Upon delivery, the message is distributed to the local Gateway and clients as per the other parameters. [optional]


List - A List of strings containing information about each system that was selected for delivery, where each List item is comma-delimited.


Gateway, Vision Client, Perspective Session

Code Examples

Example 1

Client and Gateway Scope Script
# Simple message to both Client and Gateway handlers.
# It's important that both Gateway and Client versions of this message handler have been created.
myDict = {'first': "Hello", 'second': "World"}

# Assuming that there is one local client running project X, the results List will contain these Strings:
#type=Gateway,project=X,messageHandler=testHandler,filterParams={hostName=, clientSessionId=, scope=CG, user=, hasRole=},sendStatus=SENT

#type=Client,sessionId=65F7A472,clientAddress=,clientHostName=,project=X,messageHandler=testHandler,filterParams={hostName=, clientSessionId=, scope=CG, user=, hasRole=},sendStatus=SENT

Example 2

Specified User Script
# Message to client handlers only where a specified user is logged in.

Example 3

Remote Server Script
# Message to remote servers over the Gateway Network (since 7.8.2).
servers = ["agent-8088", "agent-9000"]

Example 4

The following example demonstrates how to trigger this function with a Tag Change Event.

  1. Open the Project tab in the Designer and select Session Events.

  2. On the Session Events screen, click Message.

  3. Click the Add icon.

  4. Enter test in the Message Handler Settings Name field.

  5. Click OK.

  6. Enter the following script and click OK.

    Session Message Handler Script
    def handleMessage(session, payload):
    system.util.getLogger("session event handler").info(str(payload))

  7. Right-click on a tag in the Tag Browser that will be used to trigger the Tag Change Event and open the Tag Editor. In this example, our tag is a memory tag labeled test.

  8. Click Scripting.

  9. Click Value Events > Value Changed.

  10. Enter the following script specifying the project, the message handler, payload, and scope.

    Value Changed Script
    def valueChanged(tag, tagPath, previousValue, currentValue, initialChange, missedEvents):
    {"cv": currentValue.value},

  11. Click OK.

  12. Save your project.

Now you can test this example, by launching your Perspective Session and changing the value of your tag. You'll see the messages appear on Gateway Status > Diagnostics > Logs page for each value change.


system util sendMessage, util.sendMessage