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This function is used in Python Scripting.

Description

Runs a prepared statement against the database, returning the number of rows that were affected. Prepared statements differ from regular queries in that they can use a special placeholder, the question-mark character (?), in the query where any dynamic arguments would go, and then use an array of values to provide real information for those arguments. Make sure that the length of your argument array matches the number of question-mark placeholders in your query. This call should be used for UPDATE, INSERT, and DELETE queries.  

This is extremely useful for two purposes:

  • This method avoids the problematic technique of concatenating user input inside of a query, which can lead to syntax errors, or worse, a nasty security problem called a  SQL injection attack . For example, if you have a user-supplied string that is used in a WHERE clause, you use single-quotes to enclose the string to make the query valid. What happens in the user has a single-quote in their text? Your query will fail. Prepared statements are immune to this problem.
  • This is the only way to write an INSERT or UPDATE query that has binary or BLOB data. Using BLOBs can be very useful for storing images or reports in the database, where all clients have access to them.

Note: 

The "?" placeholder refers to variables of the query statement that help the statement return the correct information. The "?" placeholder cannot reference column names, table names, or the underlying syntax of the query. This is because the SQL standard for handling the "?" placeholder excludes these items.

Client Permission Restrictions

Permission Type: Legacy Database Access

Client access to this scripting function is blocked to users that do not meet the role/zone requirements for the above permission type. This function is unaffected when run in the Gateway scope.

Syntax

system.db.runPrepUpdate( query, args, database, [tx], [getKey], [skipAudit])

  • Parameters

String query A query (typically an UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE) to run as a prepared statement with placeholders (?) denoting where the arguments go.

List[Any] args - A list of arguments. Will be used in order to match each placeholder (?) found in the query.

String database - The name of the database connection to execute against. 

String tx - A transaction identifier. If omitted, the update will be executed in its own transaction. [optional]

Boolean getKey - A flag indicating whether or not the result should be the number of rows affected(getKey=0) or the newly generated key value that was created as a result of the update (getKey=1). Not all databases support automatic retrieval of generated keys. [optional]

Boolean skipAudit - A flag which, if set to true, will cause the prep update to skip the audit system. Useful for some queries that have fields which won't fit into the audit log. [optional]

  • Returns

Integer - The number of rows affected by the query, or the key value that was generated, depending on the value of the getKey flag.

  • Scope

Gateway


Syntax

system.db.runPrepUpdate( query, args, [database], [tx], [getKey], [skipAudit])

  • Parameters

String query A query (typically an UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE) to run as a prepared statement with placeholders (?) denoting where the arguments go.

List[Any] args - A list of arguments. Will be used in order to match each placeholder (?) found in the query.

String database - The name of the database connection to execute against. If omitted or "", the project's default database connection will be used. [optional]

String tx - A transaction identifier. If omitted, the update will be executed in its own transaction. [optional]

Boolean getKey - A flag indicating whether or not the result should be the number of rows affected(getKey=0) or the newly generated key value that was created as a result of the update (getKey=1). Not all databases support automatic retrieval of generated keys. [optional]

Boolean skipAudit - A flag which, if set to true, will cause the prep update to skip the audit system. Useful for some queries that have fields which won't fit into the audit log. [optional]

  • Returns

Integer - The number of rows affected by the query, or the key value that was generated, depending on the value of the getKey flag.

  • Scope

Vision Client, Perspective Session

Code Examples
Code Snippet - Inserting Data Into Database
# This example gathers some user entered text and inserts it into the database.
 
userText = event.source.parent.getComponent("TextArea").text
userName = system.security.getUsername()
system.db.runPrepUpdate("INSERT INTO Comments (Name, UserComment) VALUES (?,?)", [userName, userText])
Code Snippet - Inserting Data Into Database
# This example gathers some user entered text and inserts it into the database.
# Unlike the previous example, this example is explicitly declaring which database connection to run the query against.
# Sometimes you need to run a query against a database connection that is not the default connection.
 
userText = event.source.parent.getComponent("TextArea").text
userName = system.security.getUsername()
databaseConnection = "AlternateDatabase"
system.db.runPrepUpdate("INSERT INTO Comments (Name, UserComment) VALUES (?,?)", [userName, userText], databaseConnection)
Code Snippet - Reading File as Bytes and Inserting Bytes Into Database
# This code reads a file and uploads it to the database.
 
filename = system.file.openFile() # Ask the user to open a file
if filename != None:
   filedata = system.file.readFileAsBytes(filename)
   system.db.runPrepUpdate("INSERT INTO Files (file_data) VALUES (?)", [filedata])
Code Snippet - Inserting Data and Retrieving the Number of Affected Rows Using getKey Parameter
# This example inserts a new user and gives them the 'admin' role. Demonstrates the ability to retrieve a newly created key value.
 
# Get the username/password
name = event.source.parent.getComponent('Name').text
desc = event.source.parent.getComponent('Description').text
building = event.source.parent.getComponent('Building').selectedValue
 
# Insert the value.
id = system.db.runPrepUpdate("INSERT INTO machines (machine_name, description) VALUES (?, ?)", [name, desc], getKey=1)
 
# Add a row to the user role mapping table.
system.db.runPrepUpdate("INSERT INTO machine_building_mapping (machine_id, building) VALUES (?, ?)", [id, building])
Code Snippet - Inserting Data From a Table Component
# This example takes a dataset from a table component and inserts new records into the database, one row at a time


# Read the contents of the table
tableData = event.source.parent.g.etComponent('Table').data

# Convert it to a PyDataset. This is mostly for convenience, as they're easier to iterate through.
pyData = system.dataset.toPyDataSet(tableData)

# Build the query we'll use. You could easily modify the line to accommodate the table you're trying to insert into. 
query = "INSERT INTO my_table (col1, col2) VALUES (?, ?)"

# Iterate.
for row in pyData:

	# Build an arguments list based on the current row. Using indexing here, so 'row[0]' is the 1st column, 'row[1]' is the 2nd column, etc.
	args = [row[0], row[1]]
	
	# Add a row to the database. Optionally, you could check the contents of the row first and add an if-statement to prevent the record based on some criteria.
	system.db.runPrepUpdate(query, args)
Keywords

system db runPrepUpdate, db.runPrepUpdate