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Script Data Source

The Script data source allows you to use scripting to add additional data into a report, or modify existing data. With this data source, you to can pull in data from the database and then modify it using a script before pushing it out as a data key for use in the report.

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Data Sources - Scripting



Accessing Parameters and Data Sources

One of the main uses of the Scripting Data Source is to allow for data access and manipulation as the report is being generated, allowing you to replace the original results, or add new additional content. 

The synatx for creating or referencing a data key in the Script datasource is described below:

Pseudocode - Data Key Syntax
data['keyName']

Order Matters

As mentioned on the Report Data page, the order of Data Sources determines which parameters and data sources they may reference.

Because of this, it is highly recommended that Scripting Data Sources are placed at the bottom of the Data Sources list.

Creating a New Key

To create a new key that the report can use:

Python - Creating a New Key
data['newKey'] = "This key was generated on the fly!"


The type of data assigned to the key determines where it appears in the Design Panel.

  • Simple data types, like strings and integers, will appear as Parameters.
  • Datasets will appear as Data Sources.


Report Data

Key Browser

Parameters

Where the 'keyName' is the name of your data key. Thus, reading the value of a parameter, such as the initial StartDate parameter, can be accomplished by using system.date.getYear() and an if-statement

Python - Accessing a Parameter's Value
# Extract the year from the StartDate parameter and compare to 2017.
if system.date.getYear(data['StartDate']) == 2017:		
	# Do work here if the year lines up.


Of course, we can write back to the key and override it's value:

Python - Overriding the Default StartDate Parameter
# This line would override the default StartDate parameter by add adding a day.
data['StartDate'] = system.date.addDays(data['StartDate'], 1)


Additionally, this allows you to expand the Accessing a Parameter's Value example above by creating a new key:

Python - Accessing a Parameter's Value
# Extract the year from the StartDate parameter and compare to 2017.
if system.date.getYear(data['StartDate']) == 2017:
	# Create a new key and assign it one value if our condition is true...		
	data['myResults'] = "The year is currently 2017!"
else:
	# ...or assign a different value if the condition is false. This way we can always assume the key 'myResults' exists. 
	data['myResults'] = "What year is it? Not 2017, that's for certain!"

Data Sources

Static CSVs

While uncommon, Static CSVs may be accessed in a Scripting Data Source. The syntax is similar to working with Parameters.

Python - Static CSV example
# Take a Static CSV data source, and replicate its contents in a new key.
data['static_data'] = data['Area Data']


Query-Based Data Sources

Reading the contents of a query-based Data Source, such as a SQL Query Data Source or Tag Historian Query, requires the getCoreResults() function, which returns the results in a standard dataset:

Python - Accessing a Query-Based Data Source's Value
# Query-based Data Sources are slightly different than parameters, so we must use getCoreResults() to extract the data. 
rawResults = data['keyName'].getCoreResults()

# getCoreResults() returns a dataset, so we can utilize getValueAt() and rowCount within our scripts.
resultsCount = data['keyName'].getCoreResults().rowCount


When working with data sources, it is unusual to attempt to write back, since datasets are immutable. Instead, the prefered approach is to create a new key with the modified results. 

Say we have a query data source named "Area Data" which contains four columns: month, north_area, south_area, and t_stamp. If we need to build a new data source without the t_stamp column, we can use the following code:

Python - Building a New Data Source
	# build a header and initialize a pydataset
	header = ['month', 'north_area', 'south_area']
	filteredDataset = []
	
	# get the results from the Area Data data source
	rawDataset = data['Area Data'].getCoreResults()
	
	# build the new pydataset out of only some of the Area Data's data keys
	for row in range(rawDataset.rowCount):
		valCategory = rawDataset.getValueAt(row,'month')
		valNorthArea = rawDataset.getValueAt(row,'north_area')
		valSouthArea = rawDataset.getValueAt(row,'south_area')
		filteredDataset.append([valCategory,valNorthArea,valSouthArea])
		
	# convert the pydataset to a standard dataset
	filteredDataset = system.dataset.toDataSet(header, filteredDataset)
	
	# create a new data source with the filtered results
	data['updated Area Data'] = filteredDataset


Nested Queries

What if our 'Area Data' query has a nested query called 'Area Details' that we would like to manipulate in a script? This is useful when using Table Groups

Python - Script data source for nested query
nested = data['Area Data'].getNestedQueryResults()    # Gets results from our parent query
subQuery = nested['Area Details']    # Gets the subquery we want -- there can be more than one
header = ['productName', 'cost', 'triple']
alteredDataset = []
for child in subQuery:
	children = child.getCoreResults()    # children is a dataset
	for row in range(children.rowCount):
		valProductName = children.getValueAt(row,'productName')
		valCost = children.getValueAt(row,'cost')
		valTimesThree =  None
		if valCost != None:
			valTimesThree = 3 * valCost
		alteredDataset.append([valProductName,valCost,valTimesThree])

# convert the pydataset to a standard dataset
alteredDataset = system.dataset.toDataSet(header, alteredDataset)

# create a new data source with the altered results
data['Updated Area Details'] = alteredDataset

 


 

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